Instructions to Authors (revised July 2009)
I. Copyright / II.Submission of Manuscripts / III. Format for Accepted Manuscripts
IV. Text / V. Illustrations / VI. Offprints / VII. PDF Link
The Botanical Studies, published quarterly, welcomes submission of both original papers and review papers on all aspects of plant science. Manuscripts submitted to the Botanical Studies must be previously unpublished. Reviews may be either invited or unsolicited. All work must be submitted in English. There are no page charges except for color printing (US$ 150 per page), which will be defrayed by the authors.
For manuscript file(s) exceeding 10 MB, the on-line submission is not recommended.
Manuscripts not submitted in PDF should be prepared using Microsoft Word. All elements should be included in one single file (Title Page, Abstract, Text, References, Figure Legends, Tables and Figures). Alternatively, send an RTF (Rich Text Format) file. If figures are not included in the text, they should be submitted as JPG, GIF, and should be clearly numbered. If figures (and photographs) are not available electronically, please send one high-quality hard copy suitable for scanning.
In the covering letter authors should state that all the material is original (excluding Reviews), that no part has been submitted for publication elsewhere, and that all authors have agreed to submission. Other additional information may be included, e.g. section heading for the manuscript to appear in the journal. IMPORTANT: Do not include the covering letter in the body of the manuscript!
III. Format for Accepted Manuscripts
Authors of accepted manuscripts will be asked to supply one high quality, double-spaced printouts together with an electronic copy. At that stage, the file containing all the text elements (Title Page, Abstract, Text, References, Figure Legends and Tables) should be provided as Microsoft Word, WordPerfect for the RTF. Figures should be saved as TIFF or EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) files at a resolution above 300 dpi. It is essential that the final version of the hard copy and the disk are identical.
The literary style and subdivision of the text should conform to that in a current issue of the Botanical Studies. The first page should contain the Title, a running title of no more than six words, the name(s) of the author(s), the address(es) of the institution where the work was performed, the telephone and Fax numbers (and e-mail address if available) of the corresponding author, and a footnote indicating the present address of any author no longer at the institution where the work was performed. The next page should contain the Abstract and Keywords (and if present, Abbreviations). The Introduction should start on page three, followed by Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. After the body of the manuscript, continue with Acknowledgments, Literature Cited, Tables, Figure Legends, and Footnotes.
Papers on taxonomy should follow the style of Systematic Botany in regard to citations, keys, and descriptions of taxa. There is an editorial requirement soliciting an isotype (if not available, a paratype) specimen to deposit at the Herbarium of Academia Sinica, Taipei (HAST) for novelties published in the Botanical Studies.
An abstract (no more than three hundred words) will be published at the beginning of each paper. Avoid abbreviations (except chemical and physical units) and references. Give the scientific names, and where applicable, the cultivar or variety of the plants used.
Chinese Abstract: A Chinese abstract with keywords is necessary. The Botanical Studies will provide translation for those unable to write in Chinese.
Please suggest no more than ten keywords for the paper. These follow the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should characterize the scope of the paper, the principal plant materials (scientific names only) if not too many, and any special techniques used.
Author citations in the text take the form: (Rossman, 1994), Rossman (1994), Rossman and Pianka (1994a,b), (Rossman and Pianka, 1994), Rossman et al. (1994), (Rossman et al., 1994). If several papers are cited simultaneously, they should be put in chronologically, e.g. (Pikaard et al., 1987; Mignery et al., 1988). Put the list of citations in alphabetical order by surname of the principal author. Use the following standard forms of citation:
a) Articles from journals and other serial publications
Submit tables (each in a separate file) with an appropriate legend at the head, and numbered consecutively with arabic numerals in the order in which they are first referenced in the text. Plan tables to fit either one or two column widths (8.2 or 17.1 cm), and to be no taller than 21.5 cm on the printed page (including the legend). Do not use the table feature of your wordprocessor. Format tables using only space and tab characters, and draw lines with dashes (do not draw vertical lines). Each table must be referred to in the text. Indicate the preferred location of the table in the text. Indicate footnotes to tables by lower-case, superscript letters, beginning with 'a' in each table.
Submit a legend for each figure. Each legend must contain sufficient explanation to be meaningful without cross-referencing with the text. The legends are part of the text, not of the figures, and should be listed at the end of the manuscript, starting on a new page.
Limit the number of illustrations (graphs, diagrams, photographs) to the minimum needed to clarify the text. The figure number, the author's name, and an indication of orientation should be written lightly with a soft, black pencil on all figures submitted, either in the margin or on the back. Lettering must be provided by the author. All elements in the drawing should be large enough to withstand reduction. Both axes of graphs must be labeled. The vertical axis must be labeled sideways and read from bottom to top.
Photographs must be of high quality, exhibit high contrast, and be printed on glazed paper. Trim them neatly at right angles to show only essential features. Photomicrographs must have an internal, labeled, scale marker, and the magnification must also be stated in the legend. Plan photographs or groups of photographs to fit either one or two column widths (8.2 or 17.1 cm), and to be no taller than 21.5 cm on the printed page (including the legend). Neatly mount them on a white card, with no space between the individual print. Irregularly or asymmetrically arranged groups of photographs will not be accepted. Letter the individual photographs alphabetically in capitals. Citation in the text should take the form of 'Figure 1A' and 'Figures 3, 4B, and 6'. Submit original photographs for publication and photocopies for each reviewer's manuscript.
Fifty offprints of each article are provided free of charge to the corresponding author, who is responsible for distributing them among the co-authors. Additional copies may be obtained at cost if ordered when the page proofs are returned.
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